Category Archives : Linux


Lexical Analysis: You should use FLEX…right?

It’s been a hobby of mine for that last few years to try to create my own programming language. Don’t ask why, I just want to. Over the years I have tried and failed multiple times. This is mainly due to the fact that I am a self taught programmer with no CS background, or Math background, or any real education. When you set out to learn how one makes a programming language you will receive a series of answers similar to this: Use flex to generate a lexical analyzer. Use Bison to generate a Parser Forget both of those and use ANTLR To understand what you need to do to create a programming language, you will need to understand that in general all programming languages have a set of modules that take turns with the users input (i.e. the script). The Lexer The Lexer, or Scanner is the first component of a programming language. It reads a stream of characters and groups them together into meaningful parts. The Lexer adds no semantic meaning to the stream. Lexers create “meaningful” tokens. They generally, but not always, do not create whitespace tokens, they “ignore” them in the sense that they do not lead to the emission of a token, but they “use” them to delineate tokens. Flex has a simple interface for creating a lexer, a simple Scanner will look like this: If we save that as test.y and run: flex test.y cc lex.yy.c -o example -lfl ./example We can then start entering in some text. […]


clang++ and C++11 generic Makefile

As a general rule, I have a little scratch pad Makefile that I use as a template for all my C++ apps. I thought I would post my basic template when I am prototyping some code, or just running a little test example. CXX=clang++ FLAGS=-std=c++11 -stdlib=libc++ all: clean: rm -fr build/* test: $(CXX) $(FLAGS) src/test.cpp -o build/test.bin -Isrc/ .PHONY: all clean test


Qt C++: Threaded Communication with Artema Hybrid on Linux

Communicating with an Artema Hybrid CC Payment device is actually deceptively simple. I’ve written an application what uses a webkit widget exclusively for the UI display, and so I hook into the Javascript to provide some extra functionality to the app, in this case, reading and writing to/from the Artema Hybrid device. The documentation that I received was in German exclusively, so this took a bit of work to get going, but once you have it down it’s very easy. The device is connected via it’s POS connection Serial->RJ45 connection to a Serial->USB (FTDI chipset) converter that gets plugged into a usb port. You use the standard open, read, write and close functions. The Artema Hybrid constantly communicates with your system, so you’ll need to create a QThread to run in the background reading from the device once every second. The Artema Hybrid will send you an ENQ (0×05) and you need to respond with either an ACK (0×06) or an STX (0×02). With the way that I have it set up, the c++ code does the absolute minimum required which is it reads from the device and emits a dataRead() signal which is connected in Javascript. If I read ENQ, then I emit dataRead(“ENQ”). and in the Javascript function that is connected to the dataRead() signal, I see if the string passed up == ENQ. In the javascript, I have an array of data to write to the device, if that array is empty, I just write back to the Device ACK, otherwise, I […]


Apache2/MySQL on Ubuntu Configuration

Once you’ve installed apache2 and mysql on your server, you might want to try these configuration changes to make it perform a bit better: In /etc/mysql/my.cnf key_buffer = 16K max_allowed_packet = 1M thread_stack = 64K table_cache = 4 sort_buffer = 64K net_buffer_length = 2K And in Apache2′s config, /etc/apache2/apache2.conf, find the section for MPM prefork if yo have it and: StartServers 1 MinSpareServers 3 MaxSpareServers 6 ServerLimit 24 MaxClients 24 MaxRequestsPerChild 3000 The above are just some things to try if you encounter a situation where apache is using too much memory, or the same for mysqld.


Never Again! Backing up your rails .sqlite3 dbs

Well, with mysql, it’s pretty hard to overwrite your dbs, but with sqlite, it’s real easy. I did this, luckily I only lost about a days worth of work, but nevertheless, I have instituted a new rule for sqlite3 dbs: Hourly backups. Here’s the script: #!/bin/sh D=`date +%H` cp -f /var/www/app/db/production.sqlite3 /var/www/fapp/db/production.sqlite3.bak.$D


HowTo set hostname/domainname on linux 1

If you’ve gotten this error: hostname: Name or service not known when typing hostname -f, then here is a solution. I got this error while trying to install Plesk. I couldn’t find a single clear response, most people spent their time showing how smart they are by explaining how host names work, and what it means to linux, who cares. This is how I fixed the problem, maybe it will help you: This is on Ubuntu 10.4, don’t know how will this will transfer over to other distros, but I don’t imagine it will be much different. $ nano /etc/hosts Add this, replacing mysite with your actual site/domain 127.0.0.1 mysite.com mysite xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx mysite.com $ echo “mysite” > /etc/hostname $ hostname -F /etc/hostname $ domainname -F /etc/hostname


Where is that method/function/class defined at?

About the only reason I kept jEdit around was because of the search function, it was nice using that multi file search when you are on a time crunch and have to mod someone elses code. No more of that shit. I installed ubuntu on a VM, and was like shit, jEdit’s recursive open plugin isn’t working, what am I going to do, and then I was like duh, grep. grep -ir “def function_name” * Get’s it done.